Aysha Parvin* and Umesh Shukla
Pesticide pollution is a serious concern of our life and also for our ecosystem. Because of exponential growth in population and rapid industrialization the contamination of our food, air, water and soil due to extensive use of pesticides and other toxic compounds has become a threat to the continued survival of all living beings. The quality of ground and surface water badly affected by the agricultural run offs as they contain synthetic pesticides and fertilizer residues. When pesticides and chemicals contaminate water that becomes harmful to living beings when it consumes or come in contact with fishes and other animals then it increases the incidences of mass mortality and also badly affects the fish survival, physiology, growth, reproduction and overall behaviour. The use of organophosphorus pesticides in agricultural industry cause the environmental issues and the argent demand for different another methods of pest control for minimise such damage, in that spot comprehensive review on pest control with the use of biopesticides. Normally neem oil a biopesticide is considered of low toxicity towards non-target aquatic life comparative to organophosphorus pesticides. Therefore, the use of neem oil in fish farming and agricultural lands should be promoted to its productivity in enhancing immunity against retardation of the development of specific virulent. This article provides the major assessment to know the benefits of bio-pesticide comparative to organophosphorus pesticide nuvan.
Keywords: nuvan, neem oil, comparative toxicity, fresh water fishes etc..